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Scaling-up Mobile Health: Elements Necessary for the Successful Scale-up of mHealth in Developing Countries
This paper states that mobile health, or mHealth, tools have shown promise in providing greater healthcare access to populations in developing countries.
Results of the WelTel Kenya clinical trial in Africa showed that patients who received SMS support had higher adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and higher rates of viral suppression when compared with patients in the control group.
Another cluster-randomised trial at 107 rural facilities in Kenya found that SMS message reminders sent to health workers' mobile phones improved and maintained their adherence to treatment guidelines for outpatient pediatric malaria in Kenya.
The paper states that data and interoperability standards must be put in place to ensure that health information being collected is fed back into the system and informs resource allocation decisions.