The healthcare system in Germany provides free healthcare coverage to everyone through health insurance funds. There are two types of health insurance- private and statutory, with 88% of the population covered under the statutory health insurance. The insurance payments for statutory health insurance are shared between the employer and employee, who contribute a percentage of their income. Private insurance can be availed by individuals for complete health coverage or as a top-up coverage.
Germany is home to more than 1,900 registered hospitals with more than 480,000 beds, as of December 2021. The hospitals are classified into public, private, and voluntary or non-profit hospitals.
Five of the top hospitals in Germany based on bed size are located in the state of Baden-Württemberg. With more than 3,000 beds, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin is the largest hospital, followed by Universitätsklinikum Freiburg.
Hospital Management lists the top ten hospitals in Germany based on bed size in 2021, using GlobalData’s research.
1. Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin – 3,099 beds
Located in Charitéplatz in Berlin, Charité is among the largest university hospitals in Europe and Germany. The hospital comprises four campuses including Campus Benjamin Franklin (CBF), Campus Charité Mitte, Charité Campus Virchow-Klinikum, and Campus Berlin Buch.
The hospital includes 17 clinical centres focused on various specialities including cardiology, dental and maxillary sciences, biomedicine, preventive medicine, radiology and nuclear medicine, gynaecology, orthopaedics, dermatology, neurology and psychiatry, and paediatrics. Other clinical centres specialise in family medicine, basic sciences, anaesthesiology, surgery, emergency medicine, gastroenterology and nephrology, oncology, ophthalmology, and otolaryngology.
Charité offers training to doctors and dentists through degree programmes in health sciences, dentistry, nursing and public health. It also provides a range of opportunities and support services for researchers including funding and access to technology platforms for conducting research activities.
2. Universitätsklinikum Freiburg – 2,179 beds
Universitätsklinikum Freiburg or University Medical Center Freiburg is a maximum care university hospital located in Freiburg in Baden-Württemberg. It is a prominent medical centre in Germany that is involved in healthcare, research, and teaching.
The hospital includes various clinics that specialise in dermatology, otorhinolaryngology, ophthalmology, oncology, haematology, gastroenterology, psychiatry, neurosciences, gynaecology and obstetrics, and paediatrics. It also includes institutes such as the Institute for Environmental Health Sciences and Hospital Infection Control, the Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, the Institute of Immunology, and the Institute for Neuropathology.
The interdisciplinary facilities and services at the hospital include the Comprehensive Cancer Center Freiburg – CCCF, which is renowned as a leading oncology centre in Germany, apart from the Center for Chronic Immunodeficiency (CCI), and the Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology Freiburg (ZGGF).
Universitätsklinikum Freiburg undertakes research activities by combining clinical research with healthcare, apart from offering undergraduate degree programmes in medicine, dentistry and molecular medicine. It also offers educational training programmes in areas such as business administration (health management) and medical information management.
3. Klinikum der Universität München – 2,058 beds
Klinikum der Universität München or LMU Klinikum comprises 29 specialist clinics, 13 institutes, and seven departments, which also serve as centres for medical and clinical research. Located in Munich, Bavaria, the hospital’s facilities are spread across two campuses including Campus Grosshadern in Marchioninistr, and Downtown campus in Ziemssenstr.
The hospital specialises in dermatology, neurology, oral and maxillary sciences, gynaecology and obstetrics, gastroenterology, oncology, psychiatry, radiology, haematology, cardiology, paediatrics, orthopaedics, otolaryngology, and urology. The most prominent institutions at the hospital include the oncological centre CCC München, transplantation centre TxM, the German Dizziness and Balance Center, and the Tropical Institute and the Center for International Health (CIH).
LMU also offers educational courses and training to students in psychology, educational science, and other subjects.
4. Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg – 1,991 beds
Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg or the Heidelberg University Hospital (UKHD) is located in Heidelberg in Baden-Württemberg. It comprises more than 50 specialist departments organised under 14 hospital buildings, which treat patients from the Rhine-Neckar region and Baden-Württemberg, in addition to other states and international patients.
The specialities of the hospital include oncology, cardiology, neurology, endocrine and metabolic diseases, orthopaedics, gynaecology, dermatology, neurosciences, radiology, and ophthalmology, apart from transplant services. The hospital also includes various interdisciplinary centres such as the Alzheimer centre, Colorectal Cancer Center, and thyroid centre, apart from other institutes.
The National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT) Heidelberg, formed in collaboration with the German Cancer Research Center, UKHD, and German Cancer Aid, is one of the leading cancer institutes in the country. It houses the Heidelberg Ion Beam Therapy Centre (HIT), which uses protons and heavy ions to treat certain tumours of the lungs and liver.
5. Klinikum Chemnitz gGmbH – 1,785 beds
Klinikum Chemnitz gGmbH is a maximum care hospital located in Chemnitz, Saxony. It serves as the academic teaching hospital for the University of Dresden and the University of Leipzig, in addition to being a training centre for internal and external education and training.
The hospital’s clinics specialise in geriatric medicine, psychiatry, cardiology and pulmonology, paediatrics, orthopaedics, gynaecology and obstetrics, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, and oncology. It is also home to treatment centres such as an obesity centre, head and neck cancer centre, diabetes centre, Center for Neuroendocrine Tumours, and Visceral Oncology Center.
The Saxon Porphyria Center at the hospital is certified by the European Porphyria Network (Epnet) as a Porphyria Expert Clinical Center. It enables the hospital to provide treatment to porphyria patients. The hospital also offers courses in medical engineering, and dual studies in midwifery, apart from vocational training in general care, nursing, radiology, and anaesthesiology.
6. Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz – 1,614 beds
Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz or University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz is a maximum care hospital located in Mainz in Rhineland-Palatinate. It combines healthcare, research, and training through more than 60 clinics, departments, and institutes.
The clinics at the hospital specialise in dermatology, oncology, ophthalmology, palliative care, transplant surgery, psychiatry, radiology, paediatrics, orthopaedics, and cardiology. Some of the institutes at the hospital include the Institute of Biology, the Cell Biology Unit, the Research Center for Immunotherapy, and the Institute of Human Genetics.
The hospital is the only teaching facility in the state to offer courses in 20 training occupations through master’s courses, apprenticeships, and e-learning programmes. It is home to more than 600 training facilities including nine recognised training centres that offer advanced training in areas such as intensive care, nursing in oncology, and psychiatric care. The hospital also offers a range of funding programmes to scientists to fund their research programmes.
7. Universitätsklinikum Tübingen – 1,589 beds
Universitätsklinikum Tübingen, or the University Hospital Tübingen, is a leading university hospital located in Tübingen in central Baden-Württemberg. Founded in 1805, the hospital includes 17 clinics, 15 institutes, and 17 interdisciplinary centres apart from medical centres.
The speciality clinics at the hospital include anaesthesiology and intensive care, neurology and neurosurgery, orthopaedics, orthodontics, radiation oncology, urology and haematology, and paediatrics. The hospital’s institutes specialise in general medicine, anatomy, medical genetics, biochemistry, and nursing science and health sciences. Some of the prominent medical centres at the hospital include the tumour centre, perinatology centre, geriatric centre, and national pain centre.
Universitätsklinikum Tübingen undertakes research activities and faculty studies through its faculty of medicine. It collaborates with external research institutes in areas such as neurosciences with the Cluster of Excellence Center of Integrative Neuroscience (CIN), infection biology with the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF), and oncology and immunology with the Southwest German Tumor Center – Comprehensive Cancer Center Tübingen-Stuttgart (CCC).
The hospital also provides courses and training for students, doctoral candidates, and scientists in 13 courses including medicine, dentistry, molecular medicine, midwifery, and neurosciences.
8. Universitätsklinikum Köln – 1,573 beds
Universitätsklinikum Köln or the University Hospital of Cologne is a maximum care hospital that offers high-quality research and patient care. Located in Cologne in North Rhine-Westphalia, it includes 59 clinics, medical centres, and institutes.
The specialities of the hospital include dentistry, cardiology, dermatology, venereology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, gynaecology and obstetrics, nephrology, neurology, oncology and haematology, ophthalmology, orthopaedics, otorhinolaryngology, and paediatrics. The Center for Integrated Oncology, Center for Rare Diseases, Center for Operative Pediatric Medicine, and Center for Laboratory Diagnostics are some of the prominent medical centres and institutes at the hospital.
The hospital also offers courses in medicine and dentistry and research opportunities through the medical faculty of the University of Cologne. Students can enrol for graduate programmes, practical year training, skills lab and clinical care courses. The research areas that the hospital focuses on include tumour biology, infection, immunity, and neuromodulation.
9. Städtisches Klinikum Dresden – Standort Friedrichstadt – 1,540 beds
Städtisches Klinikum Dresden – Standort Friedrichstadt is a medical care facility located in Friedrichstadt in Dresden. It includes 45 clinics and institutes that specialise in various medical disciplines while serving as an academic teaching hospital for the Technical University of Dresden.
The hospital’s specialities include rheumatology, nephrology, cardiology, gastroenterology, hepatology, haematology, oncology, dermatology, otorhinolaryngology, gynaecology, neurology, orthopaedics, psychiatry, urology, and palliative medicine. It also features several medical centres including the Colorectal Cancer Center, Center for Surgical Coloproctology, Multidisciplinary Center for Liver Diseases, Osteoporosis Center, and National Trauma Center.
The hospital offers training and vocational courses in laboratory analysis, radiology, nursing assistance, midwifery, and surgical assistance. Medical practitioners can undergo physician-in-training courses offered by the hospital.
10. Städtisches Klinikum Karlsruhe – 1,538 beds
Städtisches Klinikum Karlsruhe is a maximum care hospital located in Karlsruhe in Baden-Württemberg. It provides a comprehensive range of health services through 26 medical departments, four institutes, and a blood donation centre while serving as a teaching hospital for the University of Freiburg.
The specialities at the hospital’s clinics include ophthalmology, women’s health, paediatrics, dermatology, dentistry, nuclear medicine, psychiatry, oncology, neurology, gastroenterology, cardiology, urology, rheumatology, and palliative medicine. The hospital is home to some prominent institutes including the Pathological Institute, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, and Institute of Neuroradiology.
The hospital also offers training and courses in various medical fields including nursing, midwifery, technical radiology assistant, laboratory assistant, and surgical assistant, apart from dental and medical assistant. Medical students can complete their practical year at the hospital in fields such as ophthalmology, gynaecology and obstetrics, dermatology, neurology, psychiatry, paediatrics, and urology.