India is home to more than 69,000 public and private hospitals, comprising nearly 1.8 million beds. The country provides free healthcare services through its public health system governed independently by the individual states and union territories.
The healthcare services under the public health system are provided through government-operated hospitals but these facilities are often underfunded and lack basic facilities. The general population, therefore, turns to the private sector, which accounts for 80% of the healthcare market.
With 4,500 beds, King George’s Medical University is the largest hospital in India in terms of bed size followed by Madras Medical College & Government General Hospital.
Hospital Management lists the top ten hospitals in India based on bed size in 2021, using GlobalData’s research.
1. King George’s Medical University (The Gandhi Memorial & Associated Hospitals) – 4,500 beds
The King George’s Medical University (KGMU) is a medical university and hospital in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. The university campus covers a 100,000m² area and includes separate buildings for various specialities.
Treatment services for patients are provided through the Gandhi Memorial & Associated Hospitals of the university. The hospital specialises in paediatrics, obstetrics and gynaecology, cardiology, neurology, psychiatry, neurosurgery, oncology, anesthesiology, ophthalmology, urology and chest medicine, microbiology, pathology, orthopaedics, radiology and otorhinolaryngology.
The hospital includes an emergency complex and trauma centre, which is a self-contained unit that opened in 2003. It provides all the trauma and emergency care services and is supported by 12 ambulances to transport patients. The centre includes 150 beds and ten operation theatres for general surgery, orthopaedics, neurosurgery, plastic surgery and gastrointestinal surgery. It also includes investigative facilities such as CT scan, X-ray, ultrasound, pathology and biochemistry lab.
The medical university offers various graduate and undergraduate courses in a number of specialities.
2. Madras Medical College & Government General Hospital – 3,474 beds
The Government General Hospital at the Madras Medical College, a state-owned educational institution, is located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The hospital was opened in 1664 as a small hospital within Fort St. George and later shifted to the current location in 1772. It began training personnel from across the world in medicine before the medical school or the current Madras Medical College was established in 1835.
The institutions at the college are affiliated with various departments and medical centres at the hospital offering training, and graduate and undergraduate courses. The hospital’s services include orthopaedics, dermatology, diabetology, otorhinolaryngology, internal medicine, general surgery, geriatric surgery, anaesthesiology, hepatology, oncology, and thoracic medicine.
The hospital provides laboratory services including biochemistry, microbiology and pathology apart from casualty services including fully-equipped disaster trolleys, ambulance services, and resuscitation services. It also specialises in the latest orthopaedic techniques to perform fraction fixation, total hip and knee replacement and spinal surgery, in addition to modern neurosurgical operations.
3. Medical College and Hospital, Kozhikode – 3,025 beds
Medical College and Hospital, Kozhikode or Govt. Medical College, Kozhikode ( Calicut Medical College) is located in Kozhikode, Kerala. Established in 1957, the main hospital was commissioned in 1966 and has since expanded with various other institutes and medical centres.
The hospital’s specialities include cardiology, gastroenterology, urology, nephrology, neurology and neurosurgery, orthopaedics, plastic surgery, radiotherapy, psychiatry, ophthalmology, nuclear medicine, general surgery, otorhinolaryngology, anesthesiology, pulmonology and paediatrics.
Some of the institutes and medical centres that have been added to the hospital over the years include the Institute of Maternal and Child Health, the Savithri Devi Saboo Memorial Cancer Institute, the Institute of Maternal and Child Health, and the Institute of Mental Health and neurosciences. The hospital also includes an artificial limb centre, casualty complex, sports medicine centre and a psychiatry block.
The medical college provides post-graduate courses in 28 disciplines apart from training programmes in various specialities.
4. Maulana Azad Medical College – 2,800 beds
The Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC) is a medical college and hospital situated in the capital city of New Delhi. The MAMC includes four hospitals, including the Lok Nayak Hospital (formerly Irwin Hospital), the GB Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (formerly G.B. Pant Hospital), Guru Nanak Eye Centre, and the Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences in addition to the medical college.
Cardiology, neurology, gastroenterology, general surgery, paediatrics, obstetrics and gynaecology, orthopaedics, neonatology, psychiatry and pulmonology are some of the specialities of the hospital. The MAMC also includes special centres such as Child Development Centre, Genetic Centre, Haemophilia Day Care Centre, and HIV centre that provide access to specialists.
The medical college offers undergraduate, postgraduate, and post-doctoral level courses across the specialities. The MAMC also includes a multi-disciplinary research unit aimed at conducting research activities and provides access to research equipment.
5. Ahmedabad Civil Hospital – 2,800 beds
Ahmedabad Civil Hospital is a public hospital located in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Established in 1841, the Civil Hospital expanded and moved to the current location in 1953, after the state government developed the current building to meet the growing number of patients. It serves as a teaching hospital for the B J Medical College offering graduate and postgraduate courses in medicine.
The services and specialities of the hospital include gynaecology, orthopaedics, dermatology, paediatrics, neurosurgery, urology, and otorhinolaryngology. The hospital is also home to specialist institutions that provide treatment for specific diseases such as the Kidney Hospital, U.N. Mehta Heart Hospital, Dental & Cancer Hospital, and the T.B. Hospital & Paraplegia Hospital.
The hospital is equipped with the most modern facilities and start-of-the-art equipment. All treatments and investigations are provided free of cost while few investigations are charged minimum rates.
6. Government Medical College – 2,750 beds
Government Medical College (GMC), Thiruvananthapuram (also known as Thiruvananthapuram Medical College) is located in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. Founded in 1951, the hospital includes various medical centres and institutions, in addition to the medical college.
The hospital’s specialities include neurology, obstetrics and gynaecology, paediatrics, pharmacology, general surgery, dermatology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, oncology, internal medicine, ophthalmology, orthopaedics, psychiatry, urology and pulmonology.
The affiliated hospitals of the GMC include the GMC Medical College, which is the largest multi-speciality hospital in the southern part of Kerala. The Sree Avittom Thirunal Hospital for Women and Children (SAT Hospital) is another affiliated hospital of the GMC, which houses the obstetrics and gynaecology and paediatrics specialities. The GMC houses joint research centres of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Indian Medical Research Council.
The GMC also includes primary health centres, and rural and urban health training centres.
7. All India Institute Of Medical Sciences – 2,362 beds
The All-India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) is located in New Delhi. Founded in 1956, the institute was established as an autonomous institution by the government and features teaching, research and patient-care facilities.
The AIIMS includes 25 clinical divisions, including four super speciality centres that specialise in ophthalmology, cardiothoracic sciences, neurosciences, orthopaedics, paediatrics, gastroenterology and transplant services. It is prominently known for its specialisation in areas such as heart valve surgery, neonatal surgery, joint replacement, cochlear implant and multi-organ transplants.
The AIIMS provides courses in 42 medical and para-medical disciplines at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It is also a leading medical research facility having more than 600 research publications each year.
8. The Christian Medical College, Vellore – 2,210 beds
The Christian Medical College Vellore (CMC Vellore) is located in Vellore, Tamil Nadu. The hospital was founded as a single-bed clinic and pharmacy in 1900 and has since expanded into a reputed healthcare organisation.
The hospital includes primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary care hospitals spread across six campuses within Vellore, as well as the neighbouring state of Andhra Pradesh. A new seventh campus in Kannigapuram is currently under construction in addition to a new Level I Trauma Centre, which is the first of its kind in the state.
The Schell campus specialises in ophthalmology and family medicine while the Ranipet campus specialises in urology, nephrology, cardiology, neurology, neurosurgery, trauma surgery, oncology and pulmonology. The CMC also manages the Chittoor campus located 29km away from the main campus in Andhra Pradesh. It includes 26 speciality departments in addition to emergency and trauma care facilities.
The CMC also includes the Medical College campus, which houses research and teaching facilities for students and faculty and offers courses in medicine and nursing.
9. Guahati Medical College and Hospital – 2,185 beds
Founded in 1960, the Gauhati Medical College and Hospital (GMCH) is a tertiary care hospital and medical college in Guwahati, Assam. It is the second hospital to be established in the state, following an increase in demand for healthcare and health education. GMCH offers patient care services apart from graduate and postgraduate courses in various disciplines.
The hospital specialises in dermatology, cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, nephrology, neurology, haematology, oncology, ophthalmology, paediatrics, psychiatry, urology, and obstetrics and gynaecology. The GMCH features a mother and child hospital that includes a neonatal intensive care unit (ICU), apart from a burn unit that provides treatment to burn patients.
A new super speciality hospital was inaugurated in May 2022, which combines the cardiology and neurosciences specialities in a single location. It is the first such facility in the northeastern part of India. A new cancer hospital was also opened in April 2022, featuring the latest equipment such as linear accelerators and other equipment.
10. Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata – 2,143 beds
Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata also known as the Calcutta Medical College (formerly Medical College, Bengal) is a medical school and hospital located in Kolkata, West Bengal. Established in 1835, the college was established to provide medical education and training and the various hospital buildings on the campus were built between 1881 and 1911.
The specialities at the MCH include cardiology, dentistry, dermatology, endocrinology, geriatric medicine, gastroenterology, oncology, nephrology, ophthalmology, paediatrics, psychiatry, orthopaedics and urology. The hospital also features a diagnostic centre featuring pathology, biochemistry, onco-pathology, microbiology and other diagnostic services.
The MCH includes a bone marrow transplant unit that serves patients suffering from benign and malignant haematological disorders. It performs cochlear implants and heart transplants. The college at the MCH offers courses in medical, para medical and nursing apart from conducting research activities.