Acute heart failure (HF) is a severe condition in which the heart is unable to adequately supply oxygen-rich blood throughout the body, most often requiring hospitalisation and the urgent need for treatment.
Globally, the length of stay as a result of an acute heart failure incident varies greatly, with the greatest length of stay seen in Japan.
Figure 1 presents the length of hospital stay after acute HF in days in the eight major markets (8MM: US, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK, Japan, and China) in 2018.
Based on estimates from GlobalData, in 2018 there were more than 6.7 million hospitalisations for acute heart failure in the 8MM.
Japan accounted for only 5.68% of hospitalisations for acute HF in the 8MM, but had the longest length of hospital stay out of the 8MM at 30 days. In comparison, the US, with nearly three times as many hospitalisations for acute HF, only had a length of stay of four days.
Acute HF most commonly affects adults ages 50 years of age and older and often manifests with symptoms of fatigue, shortness of breath, and coughing and if left untreated in acute situations the consequences can be much more severe. Japan has a significantly higher proportion of elderly people and the high length of stay may be a result of an increased need for care if the average acute HF patient is older than in other markets.
This, coupled with a healthcare system that is structured to provide care for all those in need, results in higher numbers of people seeking care and services being available keeping them there.
Considering the strains all health systems face globally, understanding the burden of acute HF can help to improve outcomes for individuals and the health system overall.
GlobalData (2019) Heart Failure: Epidemiology Forecast to 2028, December 2019, GDHCER224-19
GlobalData (2019) Heart Failure: Epidemiology Forecast Model to 2028, December 2019, GDHCEM224-19