All NHS hospitals could be required to publish the results of operations carried out by individual surgeons, under reforms planned by Health Secretary Andrew Lansley.
Trusts would be required to disclose the performance of leading doctors, as well as data including how many procedures they have performed and what proportion of patients have survived, as a condition to become authorised to provide treatment.
Heart surgeons have already published similar figures in a report. It is estimated that this has cut death rates by 50% and saved £5 million hospital bed stays.
Lamsley plans to announce a £1.2m to improve the collection of data across the NHS to make surgeons more accountable for their operations.