Scotland will establish an expert group to consider medium to long-term provision of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment in adults.
The group will identify the need for ECMO in adults requiring longer-term critical care for respiratory support, the government said.
The country already has provisions for children and heart surgery patients and provides ECMO treatment when clinically necessary in liaison with the UK and other European centres.
The ECMO provision costs around £100,000 per patient episode, the government said.
ECMO is used to treat patients with respiratory or cardiac failure who are not responding to conventional intensive care procedures and requires major support from specialist nursing, medical and technical personnel.