The Chinese Government has laid out new guidelines to reform health-care in four key areas for both urban and rural residents, writes news agency Xinhua.

The four areas of reform – public health services, medical treatment, medical insurance and drug supply – are intended to make health care more convenient and affordable to narrow the gap between urban and rural provisions.

Medical treatment will mainly depend on non-profit medical organisations with state-run hospitals playing a big role, the guidelines said.

Medical services in rural areas will also be greatly improved, with emphasis on county-level hospitals. As part of the plans, large hospitals in cities will provide long-term aid to county-level hospitals in terms of clinical services, personnel training, technological guidance and equipment sharing, according to the document.

Traditional Chinese medicine will play a greater role in disease prevention and control, and in dealing with emergency public health incidents and medical care services, the document said.

The reform guidelines were issued by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the State Council.

By staff writer.