Scientists have created the first artificial ovary, offering hope to women who have become infertile through chemotherapy.
Researchers at Women & Infants Hospital and Brown University in the US took ovarian cells from a donor and inserted human eggs into them. The researchers observed that within days, the ovarian cells had enveloped the human cells and allowed the eggs to grow into full maturity.
According to the researchers, the invention could help the doctors to take the egg cells from women before the cancer treatment and externally develop them.
The artificial ovary can also help in the study of healthy ovaries, egg health and egg maturation.
Sandra Carson, professor of obstetrics and gynaecology at Brown University, said an ovary is composed of three main cell types, and this is the first time that anyone has created a 3D tissue structure with triple cell line.
The study has been published in Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics.